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Previous Chapter - Exodus 21:1 Previous Verse - Exodus 21:36 Next Verse - Exodus 22:2 Next Chapter - Exodus 23:1
{Exodus 22:1} If x3588 a man 376 shall steal 1589 z8799 an ox, 7794 or x176 a sheep, 7716 and kill 2873 z8804 it, or x176 sell 4376 z8804 it; he shall restore 7999 z8762 five 2568 oxen 1241 for x8478 an ox, 7794 and four 702 sheep 6629 for x8478 a sheep. 7716
or, goat
he shall:
There is a smaller compensation required in other things ("For all manner of trespass, [whether it be] for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, [or] for any manner of lost thing, which [another] challengeth to be his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; [and] whom the judges shall condemn, he shall pay double unto his neighbour." {Exd 22:9}), and also a disproportion between an ox and a sheep. The reason of the former is, as Maimonides explains it, because money, goods, etc., are better guarded in houses and cities, than cattle in a field; which consequently can be more easily stolen. The reason of the latter seems to be, as it is explained by Bishop Patrick, that an ox was of greater value, and more useful for the purposes of husbandry. "And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, ... And he shall bring his trespass offering unto the LORD, a ram without blemish out of the flock, with thy estimation, for a trespass offering, unto the priest:" {Lev 6:1-6} + "Then they shall confess their sin which they have done: and he shall recompense his trespass with the principal thereof, and add unto it the fifth [part] thereof, and give [it] unto [him] against whom he hath trespassed." {Num 5:7} + "And he shall restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing, and because he had no pity." {2Sm 12:6} + "But [if] he be found, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give all the substance of his house." {Prv 6:31} + "And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the Lord; Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have taken any thing from any man by false accusation, I restore [him] fourfold." {Lke 19:8}
five oxen:
"Where no oxen [are], the crib [is] clean: but much increase [is] by the strength of the ox." {Prv 14:4} - Cross Reference Bible Search

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